Managing Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) with Physiotherapy: A Comprehensive Approach

Managing Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) with Physiotherapy: A Comprehensive Approach

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a hip condition that affects the hip joint's smooth movement. FAI occurs when there is an abnormal contact between the hip joint's femoral head (ball) and acetabulum (socket) during hip motion. This abnormal contact can cause pain, decreased range of motion, and eventually lead to the development of hip osteoarthritis. 

While surgery is often used to treat FAI, physiotherapy can also play a crucial role in managing symptoms, improving hip function, and preventing further damage. 

Physiotherapy for FAI often focuses on correcting muscle imbalances and improving movement patterns that contribute to the condition's development. Strengthening exercises can help stabilize the hip joint and improve its alignment. Manual therapy techniques such as soft tissue massage and joint mobilization can also be used to alleviate pain and improve joint mobility. 

Additionally, education on proper posture and movement mechanics can help prevent further hip joint damage. In addition to providing pain relief, physiotherapy can also help individuals with FAI improve their quality of life. Physiotherapy can help them regain the ability to participate in daily activities and hobbies that were previously limited by hip pain and dysfunction. 

By working with a physiotherapist, individuals with FAI can gain a better understanding of their condition and develop a personalized treatment plan to manage their symptoms, improve hip function, and prevent further joint damage.

Dr Rina Pandya PT DPT

Article by Dr Rina Pandya PT DPT

Published 14 Dec 2022